Journal Article


Uncategorized (66)

The effectiveness of the National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) Adopted Village Project on Beneficiaries’ Income in Abia State, Nigeria

By Oduehie T.c.,1 H. Shu’aibu,2 A.g. Adam, 1 M.b. Muhammad,3 E.c. Ukonu,1 D.h. Yakubu,4 And M. Mamman5 1

The study assessed the effectiveness of the NAERLS Adopted Village Project on beneficiaries’ farm income in the study
area. Purposive and simple random technique was used to select a sample size of 70 respondents. Data were collected
using a structured questionnaire, and was analyzed using descriptive and Z-test statistics. The result shows that all the
beneficiary farmers attested to have received interventions such as fertilizers, training on soap making, recommended
spacing and planting methods as well as linkages with produce market as these, ranked foremost respectively. The study
also revealed that the average incomes per hectare generated by beneficiaries are statistically significant. The result from Ztest reveals that the mean annual income of the beneficiaries of the Project was significantly higher (₦383,031.25) than the
mean annual income of the non-beneficiaries (₦ 312,671.05) (Z=2.281; P

Published: 31/12/2019

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By A. Ali, A.g. Adam And A.y. Abdullahi

This study analyzed the Adoption of Millet Production Management Practices
among farmers of Funakaye Local Government Area, Gombe State, Nigeria.
A multi stage sampling technique was employed to select a total of 48 millet
farmers, from the list of millet farming households. Structured questionnaire
and interview schedule were used in the data collection. The data were
analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages and ranking)
and multiple regression models. Results shows that slightly above half (51.1%)
of the respondents practiced the use of inorganic fertilizers, another 97.9% and
85.1% of the respondents adopted post-harvest handling and crop rotation
practices, respectively. The findings further revealed that majority (70.2%) of
millet farmers did not use improved millet varieties and (74.5 %) also did not
use pest and disease management practices. Pest and diseases management
practices were found to be positive and significant variable at 5% significance,
showing that correct management would elicit yield of 984.893kg of millet.
Adoption of inorganic fertilizers was also significant variable but negative at
5% significance. The study concludes that pest and diseases management
practices, adoption of fertilizers (organic and inorganic) were the important
production management practices influencing adoption among millet farmers.
Adoption of improved management practice can be improved by the increase
access to farmers of extension officers from Agricultural Development projects
(ADPs), Research Institutes, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and
Local Government Areas (LGAs)

Published: 26/12/2018

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Role of Men and Women in Agro-input Business in North West, Nigeria

By Adam Ag

This study examined the role of male and female in agro-inputs entrepreneurship in
North West, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: describe the socio-economic
characteristics of the agro-inputs dealers, assess the role of women in agro-inputs
business; and identify the constraints of agro-inputs entrepreneurs. Data was
obtained from forty eight (48) agro-inputs owners (24 wholesalers and retailers
each) were purposively selected. The result revealed that the majority (62.5%) of the
agro-inputs entrepreneurs had Senior Secondary School Education. Also, majority
(81.3%) of agro-inputs business owners were men. Personal savings was indicated
by majority (52%) as the source of fund for starting the business. On staff employed,
majority (65%) men as against 35% women employees. The type of operations
carried out by the male employees indicates loading/off-loading, driving, trainings
of field workers and security guards while sales and records keeping are mostly done
by women (53%). Major constraints to agro-inputs business were high taxation
(45.1%) and difficulties in sourcing foreign exchange (21.9%). Agricultural policies
aimed at encouraging more women participation in agro-inputs business and low
taxation were recommended.

Published: 22/10/2018

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Characterization of Cowpea Producing Households in Warawa Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria.

By Hudu M. I., Yaro A. M., et al

The research was conducted in Warawa Local Government area of Kano state to investigate the characteristics of cowpea producing households. Warawa was once an area where cowpea production was high. Four villages were purposively selected and fifty respondents were drawn through simple random sampling. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and gross margin. The results revealed that majority of the farmers ages were within the 25-35 year of age, and had 1-10 years of farming experience. Despite the negligence of government on farming sector, the farmers were still able to produce at a profitable rate with a marginal gross margin of N5,447.37 per hectare. Major constraints identified in the study include irregular inputs prices, antagonistic government policies and farmers’ declining interest in cowpea production. The paper recommend prompt delivery of subsidized inputs, and farmers re-orientation for production be encouraged by government and farmers’ associations in the study area.

Published: 01/06/2015

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Economics of Potato Production in Africa: A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria and Kenya for 2015

By Hudu M. I., Yusuf M., et al

This study compared Irish potato production under the Potato Initiative Africa Project (PIA) by farmers in Kenya and Nigeria so as to determine the profitability of its production whereby the best yielding seeds for Nigeria (Marabel) and the available seeds in Kenya (Shangi, Caruso, Connect and Jelly) were compared in terms of costs and returns. A multistage sampling was adopted for the studies where both study areas were selected
purposively, and a random selection of farmers for the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) conducted. The results revealed that land sizes used for potato production under the PIA project for both countries are 0.10, 0.13, 0.10, 0.03, and 0.50 hectares for Jelly, Caruso, Connect, Shangi, and Marabel respectively. Marabel utilizes more land size (0.5ha) and also records the least yield of 8 tons/ha as compared to Jelly (26.25 tons/ha), Caruso
(16.56 tons/ha), Connect (22.29 tons/ha) and Shangi (27.34 tons/ha). It is also
interesting to reiterate the fact that Nigerian Marabel had the highest production cost and utilized more family labour, but despite that, Marabel is more profitable than all the other varieties. It is concluded that Irish Potato production in both countries is profitable and farmers from both countries can learn from one another to enhance the enterprise. Some of the recommendations raised includes, government and related stakeholders should develop relevant and appropriate policies that will ensure subsidized inputs reach farmers on time, and that funding should be provided to research institutes to operate in their fullest capacity and become committed to finding a lasting solution to the deadly potato blight disease.

Published: 01/09/2018

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By Dr. Mrs. Ukoha

Literature is a common word, subject and handy title in everyday discuss especially in a full or pseudo scholarly speech environment. This therefore makes it difficult to truly find something unique in the word or subject –a thing so important as to form a self defined niche in humanities studies and in liberal arts.

Published: 05/05/2019

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By Dr. Mrs. Ukoha

Literature is a common word, subject and handy title in everyday discuss especially in a full or pseudo scholarly speech environment. This therefore makes it difficult to truly find something unique in the word or subject –a thing so important as to form a self defined niche in humanities studies and in liberal arts.

Published: 05/05/2019

Size: 23.11KB

Typha Grass harvester

By Wahab, A. A.,


Published: 14/11/2018

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Effectiveness of E-Wallet Scheme in Fertilizer Distribution to Yam Farmers in Agricultural Zone II of Niger State, Nigeria

By Salihu I.t., Iko D.s., Jimoh K.k., Abdullahi A. And Adewumi A.

Accessibility and affordability of fertilizer for agricultural production has been a
challenge for small holder farmers in Nigeria. It is on this basis the study assessed the
level of effectiveness of fertilizer distribution to yam farmers via E-wallet scheme in
agricultural zone II of Niger State, Nigeria. Interview schedule complimented with
questionnaire were used to obtain information from a total of 163 respondents. Data
were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentages, mean and ordinary least
square (OLS). Farmers mean age was 36 years, majority (97.55%) were male, with an
average farming experience of 21 years. There was low level of fertilizer accessibility Ewallet scheme in the area. Although farmers perceived the platform as effective in the
procurement of fertilizer, they noted that it was ineffective, as distribution was
untimely. OLS regression revealed that years of education, farm size, access to
extension service, distance to redemption centre, cooperative society membership, years
of registration, major occupation and fertilizer affordability had significant effect on the
quantity of fertilizer received by farmers. The major constraints were inadequate
quantity of fertilizer allocation, late supply of fertilizer and high transaction cost. The
success of mobile phone use for accessing fertilizers was achieved to some extent
through the subsidy scheme. It was recommended that more redemption centres should
be established to reduce cost of procurement and transport of fertilizer; and that agrodealers should make proper arrangement with fertilizer companies before the cropping
season to guard against late supply of fertilizers.

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 8-16

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Effect of Communal Conflicts on the Activities of Extension Field Workers of Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) in Benue and Nasarawa States, Nigeria

By Jacobs A.i., Umar I.u. And Shehu B.m.

The study examined the effects of communal conflicts on the activities of field extension
workers in Benue and Nasarawa States, North-Central Nigeria. The specific objectives
were: to identify the socio-economic characteristics of field extension workers of ADPs in
the study area and to determine the effects of conflicts on their activities. A total of 121
extension personnel were selected through stratified sampling technique for the study.
Data were collected with structured questionnaire and analysed using both descriptive
and inferential statistics. The results revealed that the mean age of extension field
workers in the study area was 41.5years and majority (75.2percent) of them were
male. Most (88.4percent) of the extension field workers were married. The mean grade
level of extension field workers in the study area was 9.0 and majority (62.8 percent) of
the extension workers attained HND. The result also revealed that the mean number of
years in service for extension workers in the study area was 15.0 years while the mean
number of years of extension experience in the study area was 13.8 years. Test of
difference on the effect of communal conflicts on the activities of field extension workers
before and during occurrence of conflicts in the study area revealed significant
differences in most of their activities like field trips (t=4.05, p=0.000), trainings (t=5.18,
p=0.000), field days (t=3.29, p= 0.001), demonstrations (t=4.78, p=0.000) among others.
It was concluded that the occurrences of communal conflicts in the two states hindered
the activities of extension workers. The study recommended the combination ICT
components by extension service providers as a means of disseminating agricultural
information to farmers during insecure situations.

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 39-47

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Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Agro-Pastoralists Households in Some Selected States in Northwest Nigeria

By Suleiman R., Akpoko J.g., Akinola M.o., Yusuf O.o. And Ojeleye O.a.

This study was conducted to identify the most commonly used major adaptation
strategies that agro-pastoral households pursue among sets of options to mitigate the
effects of climate change in some selected states in northwest Nigeria. The data were
collected from randomly selected 260 households, interviewed through a structured
questionnaire, key informant interview and focus group discussion (FGD). Descriptive
statistics and multinomial logit (MNL) regression model was employed to analyse the
data and determine the factors influencing household choices of adaptation strategies
related to climate change. The results showed that 44.62% of the respondents were
between the ages of 41 and 50 years, and that 59.6% had Qur’anic education. The
most commonly used adaptation strategies were: water harvesting (70.0%) and
diversification of livelihood activities (72.3%). The MNL regression model revealed that
type of livestock kept was significant at various levels of all adaptation-based
categories. Access to market and household size were positive and significant at 5%
and 10% respectively in rotational grazing-based category. Also, access to credit was
significant at 1% in the mixed farming category; and lack of modern techniques of
farming, meagre access to improved varieties crop and livestock and inadequate access
to credit facilities were constraints to adaption. Therefore, modern techniques of farming
and expansion of microfinance institutions for microcredit facilities to strengthen agropastoralists’ capacity to adapt to climate change were recommended.

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 1-7

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Assessment of Women’s Access to Media Packages and Farm Inputs in Zaria Local Government Area of Kaduna State

By Onu R.o., Okwori E., Iyiola-tunji A.o., Onagwa G.i. And Omeke J.o.

The study assessed women’s access to media package and farm inputs in Zaria Local
Government Area of Kaduna State. Purposive and random techniques were used to
select 240 rural women farmers from 13 wards of Zaria LGA and interviewed using
interview schedule. Descriptive statistics of frequency, percentage and mean were used
to analyse the data. The socio-economic characteristics of the respondents showed that
majority (92.4%) were within the active age of 18-57 years and were married (53.1%).
Also, 57.1% of them had no access to land for farming; 53.1% had no access to loan,
although 72.4% had access to information on credit facilities. Access to agricultural
inputs, like fertilizer and agro-chemicals, was not available to 66.8% of them. The study
revealed that the low-profiled socio-economic disposition of the women in the study area
prevents them from fully utilizing agricultural extension services. It was, therefore,
recommended that inputs such as fertilizers, seeds and agro-chemicals should be
subsidized for women farmers. Low-profiled resource-poor women should also be
encouraged to attend literacy classes, targeted for participation in specialized
agricultural trainings and provision of credit facilities for their chosen agricultural

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 26-31

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Assessment of Child Labour among Farming Households in Selected Local Government Areas of Niger State, Nigeria

By Ojo M.a., Olorunniyi O.b., Oseghale A.i. And Ojo A.o.

The study examined child labour among farming households in selected Local
Government Areas of Niger State Nigeria. The primary data used for the study were
obtained from 103 farmers that were randomly selected from two Local Government
Areas using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the
activities and the hazards encountered by children involved in farm work in the study
area. Binary logit regression model was used to analyse the factors affecting child
labour use among rural agrarians in the study area. The results of the study showed
that the major activity status of the children in the study area was combination of
schooling with farm work. The study also revealed that there were more females
schooling (43.7%) when compared to the males (16.4%) in the study area. In terms of
age, male children aged between 15-17 years (48.10%) were more exposed to work only
than female children (21.4%) of the same age. However, 40.7 percent of the female
children that work and school were aged between 9 and 14 years. The study further
revealed that the age of the household head (P

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 32-38

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Analysis of Training Needs of Cassava Processors in Kwara State, Nigeria

By Olatinwo L.k., Olanrewaju T.o., Fawole B.e. And Oduwaiye M.o.

This study examined training needs of cassava processors in Kwara State, Nigeria. The
specific objectives were to: (i) describe the socio-economic characteristics of cassava
processors; (ii) determine the perceived knowledge level of processors on improved
methods (iii) identify areas of training needs to cassava processors. Sampling technique
was used to select 120 respondents from the list of contact cassava processors
retrieved in the state Agricultural Development Programme. A purposive selection of 2
Local Government areas in the state based on their prominence in cassava processing,
from each of the local government areas, 2 communities were randomly selected. The
findings showed that: mean age of the respondents was 25 years; majority of them
(93.3%) were female; a little below average (48.3%) had one form of education or the
other; their major sources of information on cassava processing was extension agent
(mean=2.18); their knowledge level on cassava processing skills was high (mean=2.05),
major areas of training needs were processing operations (mean=9.21) and
handling/packaging of processed products (mean=7.61). The study concluded that
cassava processors in the state require trainings in processing operations and
handling/packaging of processed products, credit acquisition and selection of tuber
varieties suitable for production. It was therefore recommended that cassava processors
in the state should be trained in the needed areas.

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 48-56

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Analysis of Dairy Pilot Scheme in Some Agro-Pastoral Communities in Nigeria

By Annatte I., Ojo O.a., Nuhu S., Onimisi H.u., Ikani I.e. And Bolorunduro P.i.

Pilot dairy development schemes in Nigeria are alternative interventions aimed at
addressing the inadequacy of agro-pastoral production systems. The study sought to
find out the extent to which the dairy pilot project interventions can improve access to
extension services, production inputs, improve milk production, milk collection/bulking,
processing and marketing. The study used qualitative and quantitative methods such
as, focus group discussions, pastoralist organization into registered cooperative groups,
and animal production support activities to generate data. Group production dynamics
and disseminating of proven dairy technologies were monitored for changes. The
findings showed that there are vibrant agro-pastoral groups providing milk and dairy
products to their immediate communities. There were also environmental and social
issues in some of the sedentary communities. Farmers groups were linked to sources of
inputs, markets, external services and other stakeholders. The schemes the study
established in most of the communities were found to be the main link between the
formal market for raw milk collection and bulking and external agents. The most
dominant extension service methods in the study area were on crop-residue processing
and utilization, feed supplementation, animal health care, fodder crop production, milk
collection, bulking, processing and marketing. State extension agents were least
motivated to work with pastoralists because of the difficult nature and associated costs.
The study recommended that motivation packages such as pasture promotion and
production should be encouraged by government and stakeholders; that government
should promote more sedentary and modern strategies for achieving improved
productivity and profitability, especially for peri-urban agro-pastoralists; and that agropastoralists should be linked to relevant institutions for fund generation activities.

Published: 06/02/2018

Tags: Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Vol. 19, Number 2, June 2018. Pp. 17-25

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