Extension Bulletin

Categories

Uncategorized (124)

RUBBER PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA. EXTENSION BULLETIN No. 213. Forestry Series No 14

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Natural rubber, Para rubber, Hevea Brasiliensis, is a commercial tree economically grown in plantations. Para rubber plant is useful for the latex that bleeds from the stem in the event of wounding. The product of the coagulated latex is rubber. Rubber is used in the manufacture a number of industrial products which range from tires, balls, containers, shoes to bands and a lot of other items.

Published: 09/12/2000

Size: 4.03MB

Rubber Production (In draft Form) (Extension Bulletin No. 111)

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Rubber requires a well-drained, sandy loam, well-aerated permeable subsoil in which its root system can proliferate. Rubber cannot stand a waterlogged soil. A land drained to at least 1.2m is adequate for rubber. Annual rainfall of at least 1700mm well distributed throughout the year with a short dry spell is ideal for the growth of the plant. Soil rich in Nitrogen are preferred although phosphorous
and potassium must also be available as well as trace elements. Temperatures between 24oc and 35oc or more are needed for proper growth of rubber.

Published: 07/12/1999

Size: 2.30MB

Agricultural Marketing

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

In the olden days, every family strives to attain self-sufficiency and self-sustainability. Food and fiber were produced and consumed by the family. Family members build their houses, through communal efforts, but with no monetary reward attached to the efforts. Every family is its own producer and consumer.

Published: 17/06/1998

Size: 6.48MB

RABBIT MEAT PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION, EXTENSION BULLETIN No 91, HOME ECONOMICS SERIES No 6

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

The daily consumption of animal protein by the average Nigerian (less than 20 gms) is far below the required (39 gms) daily intake as recommended by Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). The urgent need to fill this gap calls for proven animal protein sources which are not only nutritious but are cheap and readily available. In this respect rabbit is highly favoured. The small and handy size of the carcass, the quality of the meat and the wide range methods of products preparation, make rabbit meat an excellent and economical meat for us. Rabbit meat is still little known and very much unpopular to many households in Nigeria. Majority of the populace are not aware of the high quality animal protein that rabbit meat represents. Even the few people that are aware lack knowledge on the comparative nutritional .economic potentials of the meat.
This bulletin, therefore, shall focus on the food/economic values, processing and products utilization of rabbit meat as an adequate animal protein source.

Published: 08/12/1999

Size: 2.40MB

Production of Sunflower in Nigeria (Extension Bulletin No. 159)

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) ori]inated in South America. Sunflower is entirely an adapted species and can be grown successfuliy in the tropics. It requires a moderately warm climate and grows well in the tropics.' It performs well under
adverse condition; thus it is considered more drought tolerant than most field crops. Sunflower was introduced in Nigeria in the early seventies as ornamental crop. The need to obtain another crop to serve as a source of vegetable oil to complement ground nut in Nigeria which incidentally recorded a very sharp decline in production.

Published: 09/12/1998

Size: 1.81MB

Production of Gum Arabic (Extension Bulletin No. 78)

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Gum Arabic is one of the crops being promoted by the Federal Government under the auspices of the National Accelerated Industrial Crops Production Programme (NAICPP). The tree crop is not hitherto well known in the country (except in Barno and Yobe States) yet it is a commodity of tremendous value and high economic potential. This bulletin is prepared therefore to provide information on Gum arabic tree (Acacia senegal): how and where it can be grown, tapping and grading of the gum and the marketing of the commodity.

Published: 12/03/1999

Size: 2.88MB

PRODUCTION OF GUINEA CORN IN NIGERIA, EXTENSION BULLETIN No 1

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

A wide range of sorghum varieties is grown in Nigeria and the crop is known as guineacorn. In Nigerian annual production of guineacorn is estimated at over three million metric tons of grain. Guineacorn is used essentially for human
consumption and provides the staple food for most of the population, particularly in the ecological zones most suited for its cultivation. Its utilization in the food and beverage industries is growing very fast.

Published: 10/12/1999

Size: 4.91MB

Production of Fuelwood from Fast-Growing Tree Species (Extension Bulletin)

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Fuelwood, though an ancient traditional energy sources is still dominant in per capita terms, being currently used for cooking, heating and even lighting by almost half of the world's population. In this respect, wood can be counted as the world's most important fuel. In the third world countries (Nigeria inclusive) above 80% of all the wood extracted from the forests is used as fuel compared to 54% worldwide. In most of the developing countries, fuelwood consumption per capita per year ranges from 0. 7 5 - I. 00 m3 and this even goes beyond
2.0m3 where fuelwood is not supplemented by other sources of fuel such as kerosene and gas.

Published: 07/12/1999

Size: 2.34MB

PRODUCTION OF CASHEW, EXTENSION GUIDE No 23

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Cashew is one of the crops selected for the National Accelerated Industrial Crop Production Programme (NAJCPP).The NAICPP is a Federal Government's programme designed to boost the production of industrial and cash crops in the country. Cashew is a food crop; cashew is a cash crop and an industrial crop. This Guide is prepared to enable you grow the tree crop successfully and profitably.

Published: 13/06/1998

Size: 1.19MB

Procurement of Fuel Wood using Fast Growing Tree Species (Extension Bulletin)

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Fuelwood, though an ancient traditional energy sources is still dominant in per capita terms, being currently used for cooking, heating and even lighting by almost half of the world's population. In this respect, wood can be counted as the world's most important fuel. In the third world countries (Nigeria inclusive) above 80% of all the wood extracted from the forests is used as fuel compared to 54% worldwide. In most of the developing countries, fuelwood consumption per capita per year ranges from 0. 7 5 - 1. 00 m3 and this even goes beyond
2.0m3 where fuelwood is not supplemented by other sources of fuel such as kerosene and gas.

Published: 09/12/2000

Size: 2.43MB

Processing and Utilisation of Rabbit Meat Extension Bulletin

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

The daily consumption of animal protein by the average Nigerian (less than 20 gms) is far below the required (39 gms) daily intake as recommended by Food and Agriculture Organisation (F AO). The urgent need to fill this gap calls for proven animal protein sources which are not only nutritious but are cheap and readily available. In this respect rabbit is highly favoured. The small and handy size of the carcass, the quality of the meat and the wide range methods of
products preparation, make rabbit meat an excellent and economical meat for us.

Published: 14/12/1999

Size: 2.47MB

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF COMMON DISEASES OF FISH IN PONDS, EXTENSION BULLETIN No. 169

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

All living things in certain circumstances are subject to ill-health and diseases, and fish is no exception. It is possible that at one time or the other the fish farmer has to deal with disease conditions offish in the pond. To do this properly, it is necessary to know something about fish diseases that are likely to be contracted and how they can be prevented or cured. It is quite possible to keep fish in a state of good health. Generally most often fish species that perform well under culture~conditions in Nigeria have very great resistance to diseases so long as bad handling, unsuitable food, poor water quality, overcrowding, or other adverse influences do not weaken them.

Published: 17/06/2004

Size: 3.06MB

Preparation, Processing and Utilisation of Fish Products (October 1999) Extension Bulletin

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Fish is one of the protein foods that needs careful handling. This is because fish spoils easily after capture due to the high tropical temperature which accelerates the activities of bacteria, enzymes and chemical oxidation of fat in the fish. Due to poor handling, about 30-50% of fish harvested are wasted in this country. These losses could be minimised by the application of proper handling, processing and preservation techniques.

Published: 23/10/1999

Size: 1.81MB

Preparation, Processing and Utilisation of Fish Products (Extension Bulletin No. 99) October 1998

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Preparation, Processing and Utilisation of Fish Products (Extension Bulletin No. 99) October 1998

Published: 23/10/1998

Size: 2.68MB

BASIC PRINCIPLES THAT AID FARM MANAGEMENT DECISIONS

By Chikwendu, D. O., and Amos, T. T.

There are some basic principles which aid farm management decisions.
All questions regarding resource use, enterprise combination
or substitution can be answered using these principles. They
help to understand why some farms are profitable and others not.
They apply any time a choice is being made concerning any aspect
of farm business. These principles are therefore general and apply
to any part of farm business. There are no special rules or principles
for different parts of the farm.

Published: 08/07/1999

Size: 3.86MB