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ON-FARM POULTRY FEED MILLING FOR SMALL SCALE FARMERS IN NIGERIA

By Iyiola-tunji, A.o., Dafwang, I.i., Ikani, E.i. And Adesina, M.a.

There is evidence of small scale (backyard) poultry production in nearly every community in Nigeria. Chicken nutrition and feeding is an important part of production. Feeds make up the major cost of production and good nutrition is reflected in bird's performance and its products. On-farm feed milling is a process of manufacturing animal feed through the use of raw materials (feed ingredients) of widely ranging physical, chemical and nutritional composition. The raw materials are mixed together to form a homogenous mixture suitable for producing a desired nutritional response in the animal to which the mixture is fed. It is also capable of reducing the cost of feeds.

Published: 16/09/2012

Size: 1.86MB

ON-FARM POULTRY FEED MILLING FOR SMALL SCALE FARMERS IN NIGERIA

By Iyiola-tunji, A.o., Dafwang, I.i., Ikani, E.i. And Adesina, M.a.

There is evidence of small scale (backyard) poultry production in nearly every community in Nigeria. Chicken nutrition and feeding is an important part of production. Feeds make up the major cost of production and good nutrition is reflected in bird's performance and its products. On-farm feed milling is a process of manufacturing animal feed through the use of raw materials (feed ingredients) of widely ranging physical, chemical and nutritional composition. The raw materials are mixed together to form a homogenous mixture suitable for producing a desired nutritional response in the animal to which the mixture is fed. It is also capable of reducing the cost of feeds.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 1.87MB

CATTLE WELFARE GUIDELINES

By Shehu, B.m And Sakpe, Y. Y.

With recent establishment of more intensive systems of livestock and poultry production in Nigeria both for family consumption and commercial purposes, farm animals are been kept and reared under unfavourable conditions, transported inappropriately and slaughtered inhumanely which abuse their welfare, reduce productivity and expose them to diseases. Some of these mistreatments may be economical or climatic circumstances but, in some cases, they are due to lack of knowledge or motivation by the people involved.

Published: 09/04/2010

Size: 5.94MB

Calculating Agricultural Marketing Cost and Margins

By A. A. Ammani, S. Isiaku, S. A. Makama & D. Baba

Agricultural marketing can be viewed as the performance of all business activities which direct the forward flow of agricultural commodities from the farmers to the customers. Agricultural commodities move from the farmer to consumers over time and space. The path through which the commodities pass between the farmers and the consumers is called marketing channe

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 150.50KB

MANAGEMENT OF REPRODUCTION IN CATTLE

By Shehu, B.m., Buba, W. And Iyiola-tunji, A.o.

A feature of successful livestock production system is that animals reproduce regularly. Farm animals reproductive process is influenced mainly by the way in which animals are managed and fed. Inherited (genetic) factors exert little influence on the way animals reproduce. In order to achieve good reproductive rates at the lowest possible cost, sound knowledge of the reproductive process, and the factors which influence reproductive ability is necessary. Understanding the idea that production is equal to reproduction; livestock farmers must ensure adequate management of reproduction on their animals.

Published: 17/06/2010

Size: 4.50MB

DESIGNING, CONSTRUCTION, USE AND MAINTENANCE OF CONTOUR WATER HAR-VESTING SYSTEM

By A. I. Arab And G. B. Murtala

Water in most cases is the major constraint to agricultural production in the drier part of Northern Nigeria. An in-crease in the quantity of water available to crops and live-stock improves the reliability of production as well as the level of production with up to 40-50% (Murtala, 2010). It can make crop and livestock production possible where none is viable. The water availability for crop and live-stock production can be improved through water harvest-ing techniques.

Published: 05/03/2012

Size: 175.31KB

LEATHER VALUE CHAIN IN NIGERIA

By A.o. Iyiola-tunji, N.a. Sale, W. Buba And S.a. Makama

Leather is animal hide or skin so treated chemically as to make it permanently more resistant to decomposition, particularly when wet. Many animal hide or skin may be converted into leather, but many are not used commercially for this purpose because of their small size, scarcity or lack of demand for the kind of leather they would make.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 8.62MB

TECHNIQUES FOR INTEGRATED FISH FARMING

By Yunusa, A., Bolorunduro, P. I. Onimisi, H.u., Umar, R. And Idris, M

One option for sustainable development in farming is small-scale integrated agriculture and aquaculture with obvious benefits of stability in production, efficiency in resource use and conservation of the environment. Uncertainty in markets and climate is countered by a wide array of enterprises. In integrated farming, wastes of one enterprise become inputs to another and, thus, optimize the use of resources and lessen pollution. Fish are efficient converters of low-grade feed and wastes into high-value protein. Fish products are the greatest sources of animal protein in rural Nigeria. Adoption of integrated agriculture- aquaculture will facilitate the addition of new resource flows, the integration of new enterprises, the substitution of external inputs and the rehabilitation of degraded agro-ecosystems.

Published: 05/03/2012

Size: 2.73MB

WATER MELON AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD

By Esther Okwori And Rose Ogwa Onu

Functional Foods are foods or dietary components that may provide a health benefit beyond basic nutrition. In order words, a food or food ingredient that has been shown to affect specific functions or systems in the body. Functional foods play an important role in health and disease. Functional foods contain, naturally or added substance, that provide health benefits beyond its nutritional value. With this additional nutrition, you can take greater control of your health through the food choices you make, knowing that some foods can provide specific health benefits. Examples can include fruits and vegetables, whole grains, fortified or enhanced foods and beverages, and some dietary supplements.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 198.00KB

DEMONSTRATION METHODS IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSON

By Bidoli, T.d; Oyedokun, A.o; Kagara, A.j; Jamilu, A.a; Abubakar, A; Umar, M.a; Haruna, S.k; Salami, T.s. And Umar, A.

A good way of disseminating useful and practical information in agricultural extension is through conducting effective demonstrations. Demonstration is adjudged to be the most commonly used technique by extension workers and farmer trainers. Demonstration is a clear and practical presentation of production techniques in agriculture. It is a tool used in agricultural extension to teach new skills to farmers. Demonstration is a teaching method used with both large and small groups of farmers. The underlying principle is anchored on a learning theory that the greater the degree of active participation and sensory involvement by a learner, the more effective learning will be. Thus demonstration is an effective method of presenting information based on the fact that people learn faster and remember longer if they hear, see as well as practice. Demonstration provides a standard form of workmanship for the farmer to follow in doing similar jobs, operation or practice. It gives the viewer (farmer) direct experience that words alone or a printed material cannot provide. Farmers tend to be more interested and attentive when they see a task being performed.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 431.65KB

Interpersonal Communication Skills For Agricultural Extension Agents

By Abdul-aziz Haruna, Ahmed Abubakar & A.u .kuyello  

Interpersonal communication is defined as a face-to-face interaction between two or more people. Interpersonal communication makes communication much easier and feedback is often rapid, especially in a face-to-face situation Interpersonal communication skills are learned behaviours that can be improved through knowledge sharing, practice, feedback, and reflection. The primary skills are reading, writing, listening and speaking. These skills enable informant to share information, ideas and feelings and to transfer knowledge. Interpersonal communication offers the advantage of sending and receiving feedback immediately in which it turn to stimulates behavioural change and boost communication interaction between extension agents and the farmers.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 226.49KB

USING THE MASS MEDIA FOR AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE DELIVERY

By A. Haruna, Abubakar, A., Ismail, F. O., S.u. Tsauri, M.b Amin & Tenuche, S.s.

Mass media are those channels of communication which can connect large numbers of people to the same information at the same time. They include media which convey information by sound (radio, audio and cassettes); moving pictures (television, film and video); and print (posters, newspapers and leaflets). The attraction of mass media to extension services is the high speed and low cost with which information can be communicated to people over a wide area. Although the cost of producing and transmitting a radio programme may seem high, when that cost is divided between the millions of people who may hear the programme, it is in fact a very cheap way of providing information. The cost of an hour's radio broadcast per farmer who listens can be less than one-hundredth of the cost of an hour's contact with an extension agent.

Published: 02/01/2016

Size: 16.70MB

FISH CULTURE VALUE CHAIN: A MANUAL FOR PROFITABLE ENTERPRISE

By Bolorunduro P.i; H.u Onimisi; R Umar; U Bala; A Yunusa And Idris M.

Aquaculture is the rearing of aquatic animals and plants for human utilization the most popular aspects aquaculture is Fish culture involves the controlled cultivation and harvesting of fish for either family consumption or sales in the market. Although fish culture is over forty years old in Nigeria, it is yet to develop fully when compared with arable agriculture and livestock production. A fishpond is an enclosure (earthen or concrete) built to retain water for the purpose of growing fish. Growing fish in ponds from which they cannot escape allows feeding, breeding, growing and harvesting of the fish in a well-planned way.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 12.44MB

Major Pests and Diseases of Wheat (Extension Bulletin No. 79)

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

The cultivation of wheat in Nigeria dates back to the 18th century, probably on small scale. The ban on the importation of wheat in Nigeria, effective from January, 1987 by the Federal Government stimulated increase in local production under irrigation and as a rain-fed crop. The increase in area cultivated is bound to create more pest and disease problems. Pests and diseases are some of the most important constraints to wheat production worldwide. In the USA, losses due to pests and diseases is reported to be about 10% while it is about 25-30% in the "Near East". The yield losses in Nigeria have not been properly documented gut are found wherever wheat is grown and could be as high as 10%.

Published: 13/12/1999

Tags: pests, disease, wheat, irrigation, crop

Size: 2.31MB

MAIZE PRODUCTION, MARKETING, PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION IN NIGERIA. EXTENSION BULLETIN No. 217

By National Agricultural Extension And Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Maize is one of the most important staple food crops in Nigeria. Among the cereals, it has the largest urea devoted to it cultivation. Indeed, its production area in the country continues to expand because of technological breakthroughs. Maize is a very important food crop for human beings and for livestock. Maize is a major cereal and one of the most important food. feed and industrial crops in Nigeria. It is the most dominant grain crop in the savannah zones and fresh vegetable in the forest belt where it is cultivated twice in a year. It has become an important irrigated crop and increasingly being used as a
coping strategy against the ever worsening climatic anomalies throughout the country'. Over fifty million farmers grow maize every year while over ninety million people are employed in its processing and usage daily.

Published: 19/07/2014

Tags: maize production, processing, food, cereal, farmers

Size: 6.86MB