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DEVELOPMENT OF PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS

By Auta, S. J., Ilu, I.y., Ahmadu, H. J., Makama, S. A. And Isiaku Sani.

In a time when it is more pressing than ever to plan agricultural policies and develop production, strong and well structured producer organizations can be a powerful tool for government and farmers alike. Now well acknowledged by the public sector, these producer organizations bring together farmers of different agricultural commodities and enjoy access to government. They use their influence to protect the interest of their members. They also play an increasingly important role in shaping more robust and competitive agricultural sector.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 1.66MB

PROFITABLE COMMERCIAL POULTRY FARMING IN NIGERIA: Production, Processing, Marketing and Utilization

By Ikani, E.i, Dikko, H., Iyiola-tunji, A.o., Suleiman,n., Usman,s. Umar,m.a. And Dantani, A.

Poultry farming has been identified as the fastest way to make up for short fall between animal protein demands- supply and to bridge the gap. Meat products and eggs from poultry are among the best known nutritious products worldwide in human diets. The biological value of protein in egg is so high that it has often been used as the standard for assessing the quality of other food protein sources. Thus, commercial investment into poultry enterprise in Nigeria is not only economically attractive but highly profitable business. The value of commercial poultry industry in Nigeria is estimated at N80 billion ($600 million) and is rated as the most industrialized component of the livestock Sub-sector. Over 25 million people are employed directly and indirectly in the commercial poultry industry. The entire poultry subsector contributes over 25% of agricultural Gross Domestic Products.

Published: 21/02/2019

Tags: poulty, poulty farming

Size: 5.29MB

Sorghum: Production, Processing, Marketing and Utilization in Nigeria

By Authors Y. A. Sani, M. M. Jaliya, M. U. Makeri, S. I. Idris And A. Y. Abdullahi.

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolar (L.) Moench) is one of the most important cereal crops and a major staple food in most parts of the world with more than 40.5 M hectares and production figures of 55.7m tonnes, respectively. Asia continent is the leading producer, followed by Africa in which Nigeria cultivate 4.7 million hectares. However, area cultivated in Africa was 24.8m hectares with the production quantity of 20.9m tonnes and average yield of 0.8m tonnes per hectare (FAO. 2010). The land area put into cultivation of sorghum in Nigeria was 4.7m hectares while the production figures were 4.8m tonnes, respectively. The average yield of the Nigerian farmers was 1.0 tonnes per hectare. The guinea sorghum is the most widely cultivated and adaptable race which are common in the savannas ecological zone.

Published: 16/03/2012

Tags: Sorghum production

Size: 4.49MB

TYPES, USE AND THE MAINTENANCE OF FISHING GEAR

By Yunusa A; Bolorunduro P.i; And Onimisi H.u

Most artisanal fishermen in developing countries are locked into economic systems that result in relative poverty. Their main wealth is in their fishing gears which is subject to rapid depreciation and lose. They rely on less than optimal fishing vessels, methods and gear which limit their catch, especially when they are competing with the industrial sector. Their machineries are expensive, difficult to repair, and not fuel efficient. Fishing practices tend to be labour intensive with minimal mechanical assistance. The total investment in fishing equipment is generally quite low, and the artisanal fisherman is adept at minimum input management. Fishing productivity is consequently variable and low. They face a series of difficulties that contribute to their marginal standard of living. Gear preservations are important in prolonging their lifespan and lessening the expenses and other hardship that they could encounter. A well maintained fishing gear is an asset guaranteeing provision of fish for household consumption and the market.

Published: 21/02/2019

Tags: FISH , HOOK, LINE

Size: 647.00KB

QUAIL PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION

By Ojo,o.a., Iyiolatunji, A.o., Ikani, E.i., Dikko, H., Chindo, H.j. And Okwori, E.

Quail is a farm animal which belongs to the smallest species of poultry birds. The most common in Nigeria is the Japanese quail (Coturnix Cortunix Japonica). The Japanese quail was first introduced to Nigeria in 1992 by the National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) Vom, Plateau state. Quails are easy to handle and feed, they have short generational interval as such many generations can be produced in a year. Quail production is an alternative source of animal protein to meet the growing demand of protein by our ever increasing population.

Published: 16/05/2017

Tags: Quality production

Size: 686.86KB

BAOBAB PRODUCTION, PROCESSING, MARKETING AND UTILIZATION IN NIGERIA

By A.l. Baidu, A. A. Jamilu, A.a., Yakubu, S.a. Makama, M.u. Makeri

Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) belongs to the family Malvaceae and is known generally as the African baobab. It is a tropical fruit tree with a massive trunk supporting a mass of small branches. Baobab tree can grow up to a height of 25 meters tall and the trunk may be up to 6-10 meters in diameter. The flowers are large, up to 12-15cm in diameter. In Nigeria, baobab occurs naturally, there is no clear record of cultivation. The plant therefore occurs naturally and mostly found in rural communities.

Published: 14/04/2014

Tags: Baobab Production in Nigeria

Size: 802.50KB

How to Design and Use Grids Effectively in Agricultural Extension Publications

By Anamomeh A., Chado Z. And Onagwa G.

The image of an organization to some extent can be determined through the quality of its publications as presentation of publications can raise the confidence of stakeholders in organizations. The orderly arrangement of content in any publication aids in the easy comprehension of the information content .and visual appeal of such publication. The application of grid structure can create orderly arrangement of information content in publications. Such information content include text, photographs, illustrations, and white space. A gird is a mathematical division of a design space into carefully measured columns, spaces and margins. It also the blueprint or structure foundation of any publication They feature prominently in almost all publications such as newspapers, magazines, brochures, books, bulletins, guides, leaflets, journals and even single fold publications such as posters , handbills, and leaflets

Published: 14/09/2014

Tags: Grids in Agricultural Extension Publications

Size: 8.93MB

UNCONVENTIONAL FEED INGREDIENTS FOR FISH CULTURE

By Umar, Rilwanu And Idris Muhammad

The major hindrances to the development of aquaculture industry is the lack of locally produced high-quality fish feed. Fish requires high quality nutritionally balanced diet for growth and attainment of market size within the shortest possible time. Therefore local production of fish feed is very crucial to the development and sustainability of aquaculture in Nigeria. For aquaculture to thrive and bridge the existing wide gap between fish demand and supply high quality locally produced fish feed is essential in reducing production cost, thereby making fish farming attractive to both private and commercial investors and ultimately boost fish production in Nigeria. The supplementary feeds in the market are foreign and very expensive. Adherence to them slims down the profit margin of fish farmers. This necessitates the search for local unconventional ingredients to use as supplement in fish feed.

Published: 19/05/2018

Tags: fish culture

Size: 1.31MB

BEEF CATTLE VALUE CHAIN

By I.e.j. Iwuanyanwu; B.m. Shehu; E. Barwa; M. Goni And A.t. Hussaini

Cattle contributes about 51% of annual meat supply in Nigeria and as such, beef is the major source of animal protein consumed by Nigerians. The current estimated population of cattle in Nigeria is 14 million. The major emphasis in the management of beef cattle should be to make each cow to produce a calf each year. Currently the calving efficiency of the national cow herd is low thus resulting in low off take of 8% from beef cattle. It is very evident then that if an increase in the number of beef cattle is to be achieved, the calving efficiency needs to improve. Research at the National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) Shika, ABU, Zaria has demonstrated that all the breeds of cattle in the northern states of Nigeria have the inherent natural ability to calve annually if a well-balanced dietary and management programmes are developed and applied to meet the feed needs of the animals.

Published: 16/03/2012

Size: 1.69MB

Linking Small Scale Farmer-groups to Banks

By A.a. Ammani, Y.m. Abdullahi, S.a. Makama And S. Usman

The importance of credit facilities to agricultural development cannot be over-emphasised. It increases farmers’ access to resources and improved inputs such as fertilizer, seeds, and other agro-chemicals that would result in higher productivity. Access to credit and savings services, will not only increase the risk-bearing capacity of the farmer but also enhance profitable income-generating activities. Agricultural credits can enhance the adoption of new technologies by farmers to boost productivity. Formal credit may also decrease the level of credit obtained at high costs from informal sources, as well as reduce the occurrence of emergency sales of farm produce at low prices to repay loans obtained from informal credit sources.

Published: 13/04/2012

Size: 2.26MB

BEEF CATTLE VALUE CHAIN

By B.m. Shehu; I.e.j. Iwuanyanwu; E. Barwa; M. Goni And A.t. Hussaini

Cattle contributes about 51% of annual meat supply in Nigeria and as such, beef is the major source of animal protein consumed by Nigerians. The current estimated population of cattle in Nigeria is 14 million. The major emphasis in the management of beef cattle should be to make each cow to produce a calf each year. Currently the calving efficiency of the national cow herd is low thus resulting in low off take of 8% from beef cattle. It is evident then that if an increase in the number of beef cattle is to be achieved, the calving efficiency needs to improve. Research at the National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) Shika, ABU, Zaria has demonstrated that all the breeds of cattle in the northern states of Nigeria have the inherent natural ability to calve annually if well-balanced dietary and management programmes are developed and applied to meet the feed needs of the animals. The aim of this value chain beef cattle production bulletin is to discuss the chain of activities connected with practices that will enhance the production of beef cattle including processing, marketing, usage of beef and consumption. It will also highlight some brief on various breeds of cattle in Nigeria.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 1.68MB

TYPES, USE AND THE MAINTENANCE OF FISHING GEAR

By Yunusa A; Bolorunduro P.i; And Onimisi H.u

Most artisanal fishermen in developing countries are locked into economic systems that result in relative poverty. Their main wealth is in their fishing gears which is subject to rapid depreciation and lose. They rely on less than optimal fishing vessels, methods and gear which limit their catch, especially when they are competing with the industrial sector. Their machineries are expensive, difficult to repair, and not fuel efficient. Fishing practices tend to be labour intensive with minimal mechanical assistance. The total investment in fishing equipment is generally quite low, and the artisanal fisherman is adept at minimum input management.

Published: 12/07/2012

Size: 651.58KB

TECHNIQUES FOR REPORT WRITING IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

By Issa, F.o., Abdullahi, A.y., Usman, Z. And Kagbu, J. H.

Report writing is an important part of many professional and academic subjects including agricultural extension. Reports play an increasingly important role in the workplace, where they are a crucial instrument in all business processes. They are also widely used in government, technology, health care, social services, and many other areas. Extension agents are regularly called upon to write reports; indeed, a very common and serious constraint upon an extension agent's work is the frequency and number of reports which he will have to prepare. Invariably, these reports are demanded by an agent's superior and they can often take up a lot of time. Report writing is an important aspect of extension work and should be undertaken responsibly by the agent/specialist in a manner that will not interfere with practical extension work.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 161.00KB

ESSENTIALS OF BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL PROJECTS

By Usman, S., Haruna, K. S. And Ali, A.

Benefit-cost analysis is known to be very effective in bringing about better allocation of scarce resources in agriculture, lead-ing to enhanced incomes for investment or consumption. The Benefit-Cost Analysis tool has a special flexibility which makes it adaptable to virtually every viability appraisal situation. Hence, useful in all fields of human endeavour where evalua-tion of the relation between cost and benefit is needed.
However, the impression is sometimes created among decision makers in agriculture that benefit-cost analysis is not a simple practical tool for assessing the worthiness of a proposed agri-cultural projects. Much of this may be traced to scarcity or non-existence of simplified and summarized procedures in form of a bulletin to guide agricultural stakeholders on how to apply the technique to establish the viability of proposed agricultural pro-jects.

Published: 11/04/2010

Size: 55.25KB

Tools and Techniques for Effective Facilitation

By Y.m. Abdullahi; Z.e. Omenesa; S.k. Haruna ; H. Ahmadu; A. Haruna; I. Muhammad

Macro-economic adjustment policies and political reforms are taking place in many African states, similar to the situation in Nigeria. These reforms are affecting as well as triggering various kinds of changes in the rural sector. Along with these changes comes an increasing call for recognition of the rural people’s right to participate in decisions that affect their lives. Given the numerous and diverse individuals and groups often involved in agriculture and rural development activities, it becomes obvious that bringing together those diverse interests and managing their participation in the agriculture and rural development process will require facilitation. As a result of this awareness, agricultural extension workers and organizations are gradually shifting from the technology-transfer approach to facilitation, in providing services to their clients.

Published: 21/02/2019

Size: 189.00KB